Pharmacology stands as a sector of medicine, biology, and pharmaceutical sciences with a focus on existing and new prescription medications. The research of pharmacologists exists from the action which drugs have on natural living bodies. They study how drugs work with molecules that exert biochemical or physiological effects on the cells, organs, and tissues.
Pharmacology is the study of the effects that occur between living organisms and chemicals which affect biochemical functions. The field looks at drug compositions and properties thereof, how the drugs are developed, and how they affect patients.
The two main areas of pharmacology can be seen as pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. Pharmacodynamics research the effects that drugs have on biological systems, and pharmacokinetics research the effect of biological systems on drugs.
In other words, pharmacodynamics looks deep into the chemicals with biological receptors, and pharmacokinetics has a broader focus on the absorption and metabolism of chemicals with the biological systems.
Pharmacology is not directly related to pharmacy; these two terms are sometimes confused with each other. Pharmacology stands as a biomedical science which deals with research, discovery, and characterizations of chemicals and their effects on patients.
Pharmacies are a health service profession that is concerned with the usage and retail of the findings in pharmacology.
Drug discovery is another important and major part of pharmacology. It’s the field of study which focuses on creating new drugs. It incorporates the subfields of drug design and the development thereof. The discovery of drugs usually starts with the design, this is the inventive process of finding new drugs with fewer side effects or improved sufficiency.
The design involves molecules that are complementary in shape and charge to provide a biomolecular target. When pharmacologists find the lead compounds in research and it has been identified through drug discovery, they then start developing the drug and bringing it to the market.
Pharmacology can also be studied in relation to a wider context than the physiology of human beings. Human health and ecology are related so environmental pharmacology research studies can go deeply into the environmental effect of drugs.
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